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Outline of Some Popular Design Arguments

I. The Classical (“Old School”) Design Argument
A. An argument from analogy (between human artifacts and natural objects)
1. The argument points out that human artifacts and living organisms/their parts are analogous/similar in a number of respects:
a. both are complex (i.e., have parts)
b. the parts of both work together to perform a function
2. It then concludes that since both are similar in these respects, and since human artifacts are intelligently designed, the latter are probably intelligently designed as well
B. It thus typically appeals to biological organisms and their parts as instances of apparent design
C. Four main criticisms
1. The “Weak Analogy” objection: the analogy between human artifacts and biological organisms (and their parts) is too weak to confidently infer that the latter were intelligently designed
2. The “Design Mimickers” objection: it seems as though other, non-intelligent causes can mimic the effects of designers (i.e., complex, functional things)
a. We see in…